Insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas that allows glucose (sugar) to leave the bloodstream and enter the cells to function as fuel. Type 2 diabetes happens when the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or the cells of the body become resistant to insulin. It is not known for certain why many people develop type 2 diabetes and some do not; however, there are several aspects , like genetics, obesity, and physical inactivity, that can increase someone’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: Main Causes
Being fat or overweight puts you at significant danger of developing type 2 diabetes. Four out of five people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese.
“One of the links with obesity is that fat causes a moderate, low-grade inflammation through the body that contributes to heart disease and diabetes,” says Vivian Fonseca, MD, professor of medicine and pharmacology and chief of endocrinology at Tulane University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans.
Excessive fat, especially abdominal fat, also changes the way your body responds to insulin, leading to a condition called insulin resistance. With this condition, your cells cannot use insulin to process blood sugar out of the blood, resulting in high blood sugar levels. While not everyone with insulin resistance grows diabetes, individuals with insulin resistance are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: Poor Eating Habits
Eating too much of the wrong sorts of foods can increase your risk of type 2 diabetes. Studies show that eating a diet of calorie-dense, processed foods and beverages, for example sodas or fruit juices, and too little raw fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can significantly raise your risk of type 2 diabetes. http://triangledoctor.com/
Type 2 Diabetes: Too Much TV Time
An analysis of well-being and nutrition data from a nationally representative sample of adults between the ages of 20 and 54 years of age demonstrated people who saw television more than two hours a day were more likely than their peers to be obese and to have diabetes. This is likely due to snacking while watching TV. The study found that the frequent TV watchers consumed, normally, 137 more calories a day than their peers. Conversely, the data suggested that cutting TV time back to less than 10 hours a week and adding a daily 30-minute walk led to 43 percent fewer cases of diabetes in the study group.
Type 2 Diabetes: Physical Inactivity
Just as body fat interacts with insulin and other hormones to influence diabetes growth, thus does muscle. Thin muscle mass, which can be increased through exercise and strength training, plays a role in protecting the body against insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A six-month study of 117 older men and women with abdominal obesity lately demonstrated that a blend of aerobic and resistance training exercises helped to reduce insulin resistance.
Type 2 Diabetes: Sleep Habits
Sleep disruptions are demonstrated to affect the body’s balance of insulin and blood sugar by increasing the demand on the pancreas. Over time, this can result in type 2 diabetes. An investigation of data from 8,992 adults who participated in the First National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey showed that over the course of a decade, those who slept fewer than five hours a night or more than nine were at increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes: Genetics
Genes play an important part in determining someone’s risk of type 2 diabetes. Researchers have identified at least 10 genetic variations linked to increased risk for this disorder. However, your genes aren’t your fate; diet and exercise can prevent type 2 diabetes even if you have family members with the state. Visit Triangle Doctor in Raleigh today for help with your diabetes!